Dr Alan Murray

Contact Details

Institute for Medieval Studies,
Parkinson 103
University of Leeds,
Leeds, LS2 9JT

Email: A.V.Murray@leeds.ac.uk


When and where did you initially develop an interest in the history of the crusades and/or the Latin East?

At secondary school.

Who or what sparked your enthusiasm for the subject?

Reading Runciman, History of the Crusades, and Smail, Crusading Warfare
Later, studying Crusading Literature with Dr Jeffrey Ashcroft (St Andrews) and the Crusader States with Dr Hugh Kennedy (St Andrews)


Please provide details of your Higher Education, including dates, institution(s) and the name(s) of your research supervisors.

1975 - 1980  University of St Andrews.
1981 - 1988  University of St Andrews.
1984 - 1986  University of Freiburg, Germany.

Research Supervisor: Dr Hugh Kennedy

Career History

Please provide details of your academic career history, including confirmation of your current institutional affiliation and contact details.


1988 - 90  Editorial Assistant, International Medieval Bibliography, University of Leeds.
1990 - 95  Assistant Editor, International Medieval Bibliography.
1995 -  Editor, International Medieval Bibliography.
2004 -  Lecturer in Medieval Studies, University of Leeds.

Influences and Methodologies

What ideas and/or methodologies have informed your approach to your research?

Prosopography; use of medieval vernacular literature; logistics (esp quantitative analyses)

Research Outlook

What do you consider to be the most important avenues for future research in the field of crusader studies?


Research Output

Please provide details of your research output, including publications and other media as appropriate.

1. Books (Monographs)
  • The Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A Dynastic History, 1099-1125 (Oxford: Prosopographica et Genealogica, 2000), viii + 280pp.

2. Books (Edited Volumes)

  • (Editor) From Clermont to Jerusalem: The Crusades and Crusader Societies, 1095-1500, International Medieval Research, 3 (Turnhout: Brepols, 1998), xxiii + 328pp.
  • (Editor) Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500 (Aldershot: Ashgate 2001), xxv + 300pp.
  • (Editor) The Crusades: An Encyclopedia, 4 vols (Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2006), lx +1314 pp
3. Articles in Refereed Journals
  • ‘Reinbot von Durne’s Der heilige Georg as Crusading Literature’, Forum for Modern Language Studies 22 (1986), 172-83.
  • ‘The Origins of the Frankish Nobility of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1100-1118’, Mediterranean Historical Review 4 (1989), 281-300.
  • ‘The Title of Godfrey of Bouillon as Ruler of Jerusalem’, Collegium Medievale 3 (1990), 163-78.
  • ‘Dynastic Continuity or Dynastic Change? The Accession of Baldwin II and the Nobility of the Kingdom of Jerusalem’, Medieval Prosopography 13 (1992), 1-27.
  • ‘The Army of Godfrey of Bouillon, 1096-1099: Structure and Dynamics of a Contingent on the First Crusade’, Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire 70 (1992), 301-29. Reprinted in Medieval Warfare, 1000-1300, ed John France (Aldershot, Ashgate, 2006), pp 423-52.
  • ‘Baldwin II and his Nobles: Baronial Factionalism and Dissent in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1118-1134’, Nottingham Medieval Studies 38 (1994), 60-85.
  • ‘Why a Bastard? A Possible Historical Origin for the Illegitimate Hero in the Bâtard de Bouillon’, Neuphilologische Mitteilungen 98 (1997), 179-85.
  • ‘Walther Duke of Teck: The Invention of a German Hero of the First Crusade’, Medieval Prosopography 19 (1998), 35-54.
  • ‘De Nederlanden en de Koninkrijk Jeruzalem in de vroege twaalfde eeuw: Politieke en dynastieke belangen’, Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis 113 (2000), 167-81.
  • ‘The Judicial Inquest into the Death of Count Charles of Flanders (1127): Location and Chronology’, Revue de l’histoire du droit 68 (2000), 47-61.
  • ‘Deutsche Anführer beim Ersten Kreuzzug in der Geschichtsschreibung der Frühen Neuzeit. Zur Kreuzzugsdarstellung der Zimmerischen Chronik’, Zeitschrift für Württembergische Landesgeschichte 61 (2002), 145-57.

4. Chapters in Edited Books

  • ‘The Chronicle of Zimmern as a Source for the First Crusade: The Evidence of MS Stuttgart, Württembergische Landesbibliothek, Cod Don 580’, in The First Crusade: Origins and Impact, ed Jonathan Phillips (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1997), pp 78-106.
  • ‘Mighty Against the Enemies of Christ: The Relic of the True Cross in the Armies of the Kingdom of Jerusalem’, in The Crusades and Their Sources: Essays Presented to Bernard Hamilton, ed John France and William G Zajac (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1998), pp 217-38.
  • ‘The Prosopography and Onomastics of the Franks in the Kingdom of Jerusalem, 1099-1187’, in Onomastique et parenté dans l’Occident médiéval, ed KSB Keats-Rohan and Christian Settipani (Oxford: Prosopographica et Genealogica, 2000), pp 283-94.
  • ‘William of Tyre and the Origin of the Turks: On the Sources of the Gesta Orientalium Principum’, in Dei Gesta per Francos: Etudes sur les croisades dédiés à Jean Richard / Crusade Studies in Honour of Jean Richard, ed Michel Balard, Benjamin Z Kedar and Jonathan Riley-Smith (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), pp 217-29.
  • ‘The Structure, Genre and Intended Audience of the Livonian Rhymed Chronicle’, in Crusade and Conversion on the Baltic Frontier, 1150-1500, ed Alan V Murray(Aldershot: Ashgate, 2001), pp 235-51.
  • ‘Prosopography’, in Palgrave Advances in the Crusades, ed Helen J Nicholson (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005), pp 109-29.
  • ‘Money and Logistics in the Armies of the First Crusade: Coinage, Bullion, Service and Supply, 1096-99’, in Logistics of Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, ed John Pryor (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), pp 229-49.
  • ‘Kingship, Identity and Name-Giving in the Family of Baldwin of Bourcq’, in Knighthoods of Christ: Essays on the History of the Crusades and the Knights Templar presented to Malcom Barber, ed Norman Housley (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007), pp 27-38.
  • ‘Finance and Logistics of the Crusade of Frederick Barbarossa’, in In Laudem Hierosolymitani: Studies in Crusades and Medieval Culture in Honour of Benjamin Z Kedar, ed Iris Shagrir, Ronnie Ellenblum and Jonathan Riley-Smith (Aldershot: Ashgate) [forthcoming, 2007].
  • ‘The Capture of Jerusalem in Western Narrative Sources of the First Crusade’, in Jerusalem the Golden: The Conquest of the Dream (From the West to the Holy Land), ed Luis Garcia-Guijarro Ramos [forthcoming, 2007]
5. Articles in Conference Proceedings
  • ‘Ethnic Identity in the Crusader States: The Frankish Race and the Settlement of Outremer’, in Concepts of National Identity in the Middle Ages, ed S Forde, L Johnson and AV Murray (Leeds: Leeds Studies in English, 1995), pp 59-73.
  • Coroscane: Homeland of the Saracens in the Chansons de Geste and the Historiography of the Crusades’, in Aspects de l’épopée romane: Mentalité - idéologies - intertextualités, ed Hans van Dijk and Willem Noomen (Groningen: Forsten, 1995), pp 177-84.
  • ‘How Norman was the Principality of Antioch? Prolegomena to a Study of the Origins of the Nobility of a Crusader State’, in Family Trees and the Roots of Politics: The Prosopography of Britain and France from the Tenth to the Twelfth Century, ed KSB Keats-Rohan (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 1997), pp 349-59.
  • ‘Daimbert of Pisa, the Domus Godefridi and the Accession of Baldwin I of Jerusalem’, in From Clermont to Jerusalem: The Crusades and Crusader Societies, 1095-1500, ed AV Murray (Turnhout: Brepols, 1998), pp 81-102.
  • ‘Hochmittelalterlicher Kreuzzug als frühneuzeitliche Adelslegitimation: Die schwäbisch-rheinländischen Teilnehmer des Ersten Kreuzzugs in der Chronik des Grafen Froben Christoph von Zimmern’, in Herrschaft und Legitimation: Hochmittelalterlicher Adel in Südwest­deutschland, ed Sönke Lorenz and Stephan Molitor (Leinfelden-Echterdingen: DRW-Verlag, 2002), pp 171-85.
  • ‘The Origin of Money-Fiefs in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem’, in Mercenaries and Paid Men, ed John France [forthcoming].
6. Other Articles and Notes
  • ‘Galilee and Damascus in the Period of the Crusades’, Nottingham Medieval Studies 40 (1996), 190-93.
  • ‘A Note on the Origin of Eustace Grenier’, Bulletin of the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East 6 (1986), 28-30.
  • ‘Questions of Nationality in the First Crusade’, Medieval History 1 (1991), 61-73.
  • ‘Prosopographical Research on the Crusader States’, Prosopon 4 (1996), 1-2.
  • ‘A Little-Known Member of the Royal Family of Crusader Jerusalem in William of Malmesbury’s Gesta Regum Anglorum’, Notes and Queries 241 (1996), 397-99.
  • ‘Ein Herzog von Teck als Teilnehmer des Ersten Kreuzzugs? Ein Beitrag zur süddeutschen Geschichtsschreibung der Kreuzzugsbewegung?’, in Schriftenreihe des Stadtarchivs Kirchheim unter Teck 28 (2002), 137-56.