Professor Thomas F Madden

Contact Details

Department of History
Saint Louis University
3800 Lindell Blvd.
St Louis, Missouri  63108
Phone: 314-977-7180
Fax: 314-977-1603



When and where did you initially develop an interest in the history of the crusades and/or the Latin East?

Who or what sparked your enthusiasm for the subject?

With regard to how I came to the study of the crusades, it was through the study of the history of Constantinople, which then brought me to the Fourth Crusade and then the entire movement.


Please provide details of your Higher Education, including dates, institution(s) and the name(s) of your research supervisors.

PhD, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1993.
MA, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1990.
BA, University of New Mexico, 1986.

Career History

Please provide details of your academic career history, including confirmation of your current institutional affiliation and contact details.

  • Professor of History, 2004 - present.
    Department of History
    Saint Louis University
  • Director, Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2007 – present.
    Saint Louis University
  • Director, Medieval Italy Prosopographical Database Project, 2001 - present.
    Saint Louis University
  • Department Chair, 2001 - 2007.
    Department of History
    Saint Louis University
  • Academic Board, 2002 - 2004.
    Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East.
  • Faculty Council President, 1999-2000.
    Saint Louis University
  • Faculty Council Vice-President, 1998-1999.
    Saint Louis University
  • Department Chair, 1996-1998
    Department of History
    Saint Louis University
  • Associate Professor, 1996 - 2004.
    Department of History
    Saint Louis University
  • Assistant Professor, 1992 - 1996.
    Department of History
    Saint Louis University

Influences and Methodologies

What ideas and/or methodologies have informed your approach to your research?


Research Outlook

What do you consider to be the most important avenues for future research in the field of crusader studies?


Research Output

Please provide details of your research output, including publications and other media as appropriate.


The New Concise History of the Crusades (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2005; repr New York: Barnes and Noble, 2007).

  • Foreign Translations:
    • Le Crociate: Una storia nuova, trans D Ballarini (Turin: Lindau, 2005).
    • Cruzadas: La verdadera historia, trans Graciela Lehmann and Alicia Lorefice(Buenos Aires: Lumen, 2005).
    • Korean translation, (Seoul: Rubybox Publishing, 2005).

Enrico Dandolo and the Rise of Venice (Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2003; paperback edition, 2006).

  • Winner of the 2007 Medieval Academy of America Haskins Medal.
  • Winner of the 2005 Medieval Institute Otto Gründler Award.
  • A BBC History Magazine Book-of-the-Month.

A Concise History of the Crusades (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 1999).

  • Named one of the best books of 1999 by the Washington Post.

The Fourth Crusade: The Conquest of Constantinople (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1997; paperback edition, 1999). (Co-author: Donald E Queller).

  • A History Book Club Selection.

Edited Books

The Fourth Crusade: Event, Aftermath, and Perceptions (Brookfield: Ashgate Publishers, 2008).

Crusades: The Illustrated History (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004; paperback edition, 2005).

  • A Book-of-the-Month Club Selection.
  • A History Book Club Selection.
  • Foreign Translations:
    • Historia de las Cruzadas: Cristiandad, Islam, Peregrinaje, Guerra, trans Jorge Gonzalez Batlle (Barcelona: Blume, 2006).
    • De geïllustreerde geschiedenis van de kruistochten, trans Corrie van den Berg (Warnsveld: Terra, 2005).
    • Ristiretket: Kristinusko, Islam, pyhiinvaellukset, sota, trans Veikko Ahola (Helsinki: Gummerus, 2005).

The Crusades: The Essential Readings (Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 2002).

Medieval and Renaissance Venice (Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press, 1999).  (Co-editor: Ellen E Kittell).


  • “The Latin Empire of Constantinople’s Fractured Foundation: The Rift Between Boniface of Montferrat and Baldwin of Flanders,” in The Fourth Crusade: Event, Aftermath, and Perceptions (Brookfield: Ashgate Publishing, 2008): 45-52.
  • “Food and the Fourth Crusade: A New Approach to the ‘Diversion Question,’” in Logistics of Warfare in the Age of the Crusades, John H Pryor, ed (Brookfield: Ashgate Publishing, 2006), pp 209-28.
  • “Venice, the Papacy, and the Crusades before 1204,” in The Medieval Crusade, Susan J Ridyard, ed (Woodbridge: Boydell and Brewer, 2004), pp 85-95.
  • “The Fourth Crusade: A Tragic Misfire,” in Crusades: The Illustrated History, Thomas F Madden, ed (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2004), pp 100-16.
  • “The Enduring Myths of the Fourth Crusade,” World History Bulletin 20 (2004): 11-14.
  • “The Chrysobull of Alexius I Comnenus to the Venetians: The Date and the Debate,” Journal of Medieval History 28 (2002): 23-41.
  • “Venice’s Hostage Crisis: Diplomatic Efforts to Secure Peace with Byzantium between 1171 and 1184,” in Ellen E Kittell and Thomas F Madden, eds, Medieval and Renaissance Venice (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999), pp 96-108.
  • “Outside and Inside the Fourth Crusade,” The International History Review 17 (1995): 726-43. Reprinted in Andrew Jotischky, ed The Crusades: Critical Concepts in History (New York: Routledge, forthcoming 2008).
  • “Venice and Constantinople in 1171 and 1172: Enrico Dandolo’s Attitude towards Byzantium,” Mediterranean Historical Review 8 (1993): 166-85.
  • “Vows and Contracts in the Fourth Crusade: The Treaty of Zara and the Attack on Constantinople in 1204,” The International History Review 15 (1993): 441-68.
  • “Father of the Bride: Fathers, Daughters, and Dowries in Late Medieval and Early Renaissance Venice,” Renaissance Quarterly 46 (1993): 685-711. (with Donald E Queller).
  •  “The Fires of the Fourth Crusade in Constantinople, 1203-1204: A Damage Assessment,” Byzantinische Zeitschrift 84/85 (1992): 72-93.
  • “The Serpent Column of Delphi in Constantinople: Placement, Purposes, and Mutilations,” Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies 16 (1992): 111-45.
  • “Some Further Arguments in Defense of the Venetians on the Fourth Crusade,” Byzantion 62 (1992): 433-73.(with Donald E Queller).
Encyclopedia Articles
  • “Crusades” in The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages (Oxford: Oxford University Press, forthcoming).
  • “Constantinople”; “Crusades”; “Venice” in The Oxford Companion to World Exploration (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007).
  • “Boniface of Montferrat”; “Dandolo, Enrico”; “Fourth Crusade”; “Michiel, Domenico;” “Venetian Crusade of 1122;” “Venice and the Crusades,” “Venice, Treaty of,” “Zara,” in The Crusades: An Encyclopedia, Alan V Murray, ed (Oxford: ABC-Clio, 2006).
  • “The Crusades,” in Exploring the European Past, Timothy E Gregory, ed (New York: Thompson Learning, 2005).
  • “The Crusades,” in Encyclopedia Britannica. (Chicago: Britannica Press, 2003).
  • “Aquileia”; “Rialto,” in Medieval Italy: An Encyclopedia.  Christopher Kleinhenz, General Editor.  (New York: Routledge, 2003).
  • “Innocent IV,” in The Great Popes Through History: An Encyclopedia. Frank J Coppa, General Editor. (Westport: Greenwood Publishing, 2002).
  • “Krak des Chevaliers”; “Constantinople”; “The Fourth Crusade,” in Trade, Travel, and Exploration in the Middle Ages: An Encyclopedia. John B Friedman and Kristen M Figg, General Editors. (New York: Garland Publishing, 2000).
  • Ronnie Ellenblum, Crusader Castles and Modern Histories, in Speculum, forthcoming.
  • Amnon Linder, Raising Arms: Liturgy in the Struggle to Liberate Jerusalem in the Late Middle Ages, in Catholic Historical Review, forthcoming.
  • Holly S Hurlburt, The Dogaressa of Venice, 1200-1500: Wife and Icon, in Speculum 82 (2007): 200-1.
  • Nicole Chareyron, Pilgrims to Jerusalem in the Middle Ages, in Catholic Historical Review, 93 (2007): 134-35.
  • Review Essay: Michael Angold, The Fourth Crusade: Event and Context; Marco Meschini, 1204: L’Incompiuto; Jonathan Phillips, The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople, in Crusades, 5 (2006): 201-4.
  • Christopher Tyerman, God’s War: A New History of the Crusades, in First Things 168 (2006): 44-46.
  • Irmgard Fees, Eine Stadt lernt schreiben: Venedig vom 10 bis zum 12 Jahrhundert, in Speculum 80 (2005): 566-68.
  • Review Essay: “Crusades Scholarship,” The Experience of Crusading, Marcus Bull, Norman Housley, Peter Edbury, and Jonathan Phillips, eds, 2 vols, in The Historian, 67 (2005): 734-37.
  • Review Essay: Thomas Asbridge, The First Crusade: A New History; Jonathan Phillips, The Fourth Crusade and the Sack of Constantinople; Christopher Tyerman, Fighting for Christendom: Holy War and the Crusades, in First Things 154 (2005): 26-31.
  • Frank Sanello, The Knights Templars, in The Historian 67 (2005): 369-70.
  • Corliss K. Slack, Historical Dictionary of the Crusades, in Catholic Historical Review, 90 (2004): 755-56.
  • Alan M Stahl, Zecca: The Mint of Venice in the Middle Ages, in American Historical Review 108 (2003): 897-98.
  • Gendering the Crusades, Susan B Edgington and Sarah Lambert, eds in Medieval Encounters 9 (2003): 184-86.
  • Antony Leopold, How to Recover the Holy Land: The Crusade Proposals of the Late Thirteenth and Early Fourteenth Centuries, in Speculum 78 (2003): 222-23.
  • WB Bartlett, An Ungodly War: The Sack of Constantinople and the Fourth Crusade, in The Historian, 64 (2002): 434-36.
  • Jean Richard, The Crusades, c 1071-c 1291, in Medieval Encounters 6 (2001): 122-23.
  • Craig Kallendorf, Virgil and the Myth of Venice, in Sixteenth Century Journal 32 (2001): 869-71.
  • Richard W Kaeuper, Chivalry and Violence in Medieval Europe, in The Historian 63 (2001): 871-72.
  • Christoph T Maier, Crusade Propaganda and Ideology: Model Sermons for the Preaching of the Cross, in Medieval Encounters 7 (2001): 119-21.
  • Elisabeth Crouzet-Pavan, Venise triomphante: les horizons d’un mythe, in Speculum 76 (2001): 422-23.
  • Reinhold C Mueller, The Venetian Money Market: Banks, Panics, and the Public Debt, 1200-1500, in Sixteenth Century Journal  31 (2000): 550-51.
  • Christopher Tyerman, The Invention of the Crusades, in The Historian 62 (2000): 701-2.
  • Peter Partner, God of Battles: Holy Wars of Christianity and Islam in Medieval Encounters 5 (1999): 423-26.
  • Alfred J Andrea, The Capture of Constantinople: The Hystoria Constantinopolitana of Gunther of Pairis, in The Catholic Historical Review 84 (1998): 607-8.
  • John E Dotson, Merchant Culture in Fourteenth Century Venice: The Zibaldone da Canal, in News on the Rialto 17 (1996): 9-10.
  • Anthony Molho, Marriage Alliance in Late Medieval Florence in Manuscripta 39 (1995): 79-81.
  • Deno Geanakoplos, Constantinople and the West, in Renaissance Quarterly 46 (1993): 850-52.