Professor M Balard

Contact Details



When and where did you initially develop an interest in the history of the crusades and/or the Latin East?

My interest comes from my study of the Genoese expansion in the eastern Mediterranean for my State doctorate in 1976 (La Romanie genoise).

Who or what sparked your enthusiasm for the subject?

My supervisor, Professor Paul Lemerle, suggested me this extension of my studies.


Please provide details of your Higher Education, including dates, institution(s) and the name(s) of your research supervisors.

  • Agregation d’Histoire in 1959
  • Diplome de l’Ecole des Hautes Etudes in 1965
  • Member of the French School at Rom 1965-1968
  • PhD in 1968 (supervisor Professor Paul Lemerle)
  • Lecturer at the Sorbonne (1968-1976)
  • State doctorate in 1976 (supervisor Professor Paul Lemerle)
  • Professor at the Unversity of Reims (1976-1988)
  • Professor at the University Paris XII (1988-1991)
  • Professor at the Sorbonne-University Paris 1 (1991-2004) and then emeritus professor

Career History

Please provide details of your academic career history, including confirmation of your current institutional affiliation and contact details.

See Above

Influences and Methodologies

What ideas and/or methodologies have informed your approach to your research?

The most important thing is to work on good published sources or on documents from the archives, to which we must be very critical and proceed with comparisons

Research Outlook

What do you consider to be the most important avenues for future research in the field of crusader studies?

The extension of archaeological research not only in Israel but also in the main territories occupied by the crusaders in the XIIth and XIIIth centuries. And I must add detailed research in the archives of Venice, Genoa , Pisa and Marseille to get new sources on the crusader period.

Research Output

Please provide details of your research output, including publications and other media as appropriate.

  • La Romanie genoise (1978)
  • Genes et l’Outre-mer, 2 vol (1973-1981)
  • Les croisades (1988)
  • Etat et colonisation au Moyen Age (1991)
  • Directeur Autour de la Premiere Croisade (1996)
  • Directeur Le partage du monde (1998)
  • Directeur Migrations et diasporas méditerraneennes (2002)
  • Croisades et Orient latin (2001-3)
  • Les Latins en Orient XIe-XVe siècle (2006)
  • La Mediterranee medievale (2006)
  • Les marchands italiens en Chypre (2007)